Breast cancer in men is rare, and less than 1 percent of all breast cancer cases develop in men. Although rare in men, breast cancer is a serious disease. For this reason, it is important to inform people in the risk group about the symptoms of breast cancer. As with all cancer cases, early diagnosis and treatment of breast cancer in men increases the chance of surviving the disease.
Breast cancer in men usually develops over the age of 50, and men under 35 are less likely to develop breast cancer.
What Causes Breast Cancer in Men?
- Advancing age
- Having a family history of breast cancer
- Hereditary gene mutations
- Kleinfelter Syndrome, a rare disease
- Exposure to radiation in the chest area
- Excessive alcohol use
- Liver diseases, cirrhosis
- Estrogen use
- Surgical removal of the testis (orchiectomy)
- Undescended testis
- Breast enlargement due to various medical conditions
What Are the Symptoms of Breast Cancer in Men?
Breast cancer symptoms in men are similar to breast cancer symptoms in women.
- Breast mass, one or more masses
- Changes in breast tissue
- Changes in breast shape
- Changes in the shape, color, and texture of the nipple
How Is Breast Cancer Treated in Men?
The treatment for breast cancer in men is the same as the treatment for breast cancer in women. According to the stage of the disease, your doctor determines the appropriate treatment method. The main treatment modalities for breast cancer are:
- Hormone Therapy
To prevent breast cancer in men and facilitate the treatment of the disease, it is necessary to develop healthy living habits. For healthy living habits: avoiding products known to be carcinogenic, such as cigarettes and alcohol; managing stress; eating a balanced diet; sleeping for 7-9 hours if possible; consuming sufficient water; and applying a regular exercise program suitable for one's condition. Thus, you can strengthen your immunity not only for breast cancer but also for your whole body's health.