How does a brain tumor occur?
As with all organs in the body, tumors originate from cells in the brain. In the normal process, cells develop, grow, age and die. These cells are replaced by new cells. However, in abnormal situations, when this production and destruction process starts to work differently, unnecessary cells begin to be made, or because the cells made do not die over time, unnecessary excess cell accumulation begins to accumulate. Thus, a formation called a tumor occurs in that organ. This accumulation is called a tumor. It is not correct to call every tumor a cancer. Those that form in the brain are called brain tumors.
How many types of brain tumors are there?
1 - Primary brain tumor
- Benign brain tumor (meningioma, schwanoma, dermoid epidermoid cysts)
- Malignant brain tumor (from glial tumors, anaplastic and glioblastoma multiforme)
2- Secondary brain tumor
- These tumors, called metastases, are cancers that spread from other organs of the body to the brain.
What are the most common symptoms of brain tumors?
- Headache (especially at night)
- Nausea, vomiting, double vision, blurred vision
- Fainting (episodic seizures)
- Balance and gait disturbances
- Numbness, tingling, or loss of strength in the arms and legs
- Forgetfulness, personality disorders, speech disorders
How is a brain tumor diagnosed?
Today, the diagnosis of brain tumor is made very easily and quickly.
neurological examination, the diagnosis of brain tumor can be made by the examination methods used in the diagnosis or by biopsy.
What are the treatment options for brain tumors?
Although it varies according to the type, location and size of the brain tumor, 3 different methods are applied: surgery, radiotherapy and chemotherapy among the treatment options.