Acne usually begins in adolescence and can continue into the thirties and forties. Benign acne specific to infancy is also seen.

What are the factors affecting acne formation?

There are many different factors in acne formation. The roles of genetics, nutrition, environmental factors, and hormones are effective in solving this problem. The role of the testosterone hormone is known in both sexes. In some cases, the testosterone hormone is high; in other cases, the testosterone is normal, but the response of the fat cells to testosterone is high. Having acne in one of the parents makes it easier for their child to get acne. Some drugs, especially hormone drugs, have acne-increasing properties. In some cases, excessively oily skin is the main factor. Low-quality cosmetics and foods high in sugar and fat can increase acne breakouts.

What are the types of acne?

Acne vulgaris is a simple form of acne that usually occurs in adolescents. They are usually found in the facial area. They can also appear on the skin as blackheads, red pimples, and sometimes as deep cysts and nodules. Scar development can be minimized with early treatment.

Acne conglobata is a type of acne characterized by severe cysts and abscesses. It is usually seen in the trunk. Excessive hair growth and menstrual irregularity may accompany polycystic ovary disease. This type of acne leaves deep scars.

Acne fulminans is a disease usually seen in adolescent boys, characterized by fever, joint pains, and severe acne.

How to treat acne

Cream and oral forms of drugs called retinoids can be used in the treatment of acne. Effective skin cleansing should be done to ensure the sebum balance of the skin. Antibiotics also have a place in the treatment of acne. Cream and/or oral form may be preferred. Medicines have been developed to suppress the activity of the sebaceous glands and prevent the formation of new comedones.

Untreated acne can lead to both cosmetic and psychological problems. Chemical peeling, microdermabrasion, dermarolling, and laser peeling can be used to remove acne scars.

Before applying for acne treatments, you should definitely see a specialist doctor. Your doctor will identify the cause of your problem and try an appropriate treatment.

How should acne-prone skin be cared for?

Today, many people are dealing with the problem of acne. She explores how to care for acne-prone skin. If you have an acne problem, you should wash your face twice a day with face-specific soaps or cleansing gel solutions. Acne skin is very sensitive to blemish formation, so oil-free sunscreen should be used. These creams also moisturize the skin and prevent irritation. Oil-free moisturizers can be used to deal with the dryness and irritation caused by acne medications.

Comedones and pimples should not be squeezed. For the cleaning of comedones, chemical peeling is performed by dermatologists, and comedones are emptied with special comedone heads. If you try this yourself at home, you will most likely cause scarring.