HPV (Human Papilloma Virus) infection is a vaccine that protects against HPV-related cervix, external genital organs, breech, penis, and breech cancers in men, head and neck and throat cancers, and warts in both sexes. HPV vaccines have been developed against HPV types that cause most cancers and HPV types that cause warts. There are dual, quad, and nine HPV vaccines.
Double and quadruple HPV vaccines are responsible for 70–80% of cervical cancers, HPV 16 and 18 types; the nine-in-one vaccine provides 100% protection against HPV types 16, 18, 31, 33, 45, 52, and 58, which are responsible for 88–90% of cancers. In addition, the quadruple and ninth vaccines have 100% additional protection against HPV 6 and 11, the causes of 90% of genital warts.
The HPV vaccine should be given to children aged 11–12, regardless of gender. Boys who are not vaccinated on time can be vaccinated up to age 45. There is no upper age limit for women; even if they are sexually active, vaccination can be done at any age and has the same protection. However, other cancer-causing HPV types that are not included in the vaccine can develop cancer despite the vaccine. For this reason, it is important for them to have regular doctor check-ups, even if they have been vaccinated.
Not all HPV causes cancer
There are more than 150 types of HPV. Among them, 15 types of viruses are risky viruses that can cause cancer. Women have an 85% chance of encountering HPV in their lifetime. However, not every contact causes cancer. Men have a 90% chance of contracting an HPV infection in their lifetime. HPV is a very common type of infection.
HPV infections develop as a result of contact of the genital area (external genital organs, delivery tract, cervix, and breech) with HPV. Most of the HPV infections are temporary infections seen in the group under the age of 35–40. In the vast majority of women in this group, HPV infections heal and disappear spontaneously within a year. Such infections are called transient infections. These infections do not cause cancer. Persistent HPV infections cause cancer.
About 80–90% of cervical cancers are associated with HPV types 16 and 18. In addition, genital warts, which are common in women, are also associated with HPV types 6 and 11. HPV types 6 and 11 cause genital warts but do not cause cancer. Developed vaccines primarily protect against HPV types 16 and 18, which are responsible for most cancers.
Dual vaccines contain antigens against HPV type 16 and type 18, which are responsible for most cancers.
Quadruple vaccines contain antigens against HPV types 6 and 11, which are responsible for warts, in addition to the two types of cancer.
⦁ In nine vaccines, there are antigens against HPV; there are two types responsible for cancer, two types responsible for warts, and five types of high-risk HPV.
The Protective Role of Vaccines in Fighting Cancer
Cervical cancer, also known as cervical cancer, is one of the most common types of cancer among women in the world. More than 500,000 women are diagnosed with this disease each year, and more than 250,000 women die from it. 80% of cervical cancer patients are seen in low- and middle-income countries. It is possible to prevent cervical cancer. Preventive health services, regular physician control, and the HPV vaccine are effective methods in the fight against cancer.
Is cervical cancer going into history?
According to the World Health Organization, if at least 90% of all children, regardless of gender, can be vaccinated before the age of 15, if women have at least two HPV tests at age 35 and 45, and if 90% can be vaccinated, precancerous lesions and cancers are treated, and cervical cancer will be curable in 2021.It will happen all over the world. They declared that it would disappear.
Are there any side effects from the vaccine?
Since the HPV vaccine does not contain live or dead microbes, it does not have side effects such as HPV inflammation, cancer, or death. It can cause a mild fever, mild pain, and redness at the injection site, just like childhood vaccines.
No Problems During Pregnancy
However, it is not preferred to be applied to pregnant women. However, there is no need to terminate the pregnancy without knowing that the vaccinated person is pregnant.
Who is not applicable?
The quadruple vaccine should not be given to people with a yeast allergy. Because this vaccine is produced by yeast.
If the person is sensitive to latex-like substances due to the production technique, double vaccination is not done.
If the person has a fever, moderate, or severe illness, the illness is expected to pass.
Although it is not recommended to be done under normal conditions in pregnant women, no side effects have been observed in babies born to vaccinated mothers in cases encountered in the literature.