The problem with vaginismus is the involuntary contraction of the muscles surrounding the entrance to the vagina and the penis being unable to enter the vagina, and this may occur even if sexual intercourse is desired.

Causes of Vaginismus

First of all, it is necessary to understand that vaginismus is not an optional condition. Although the underlying cause of vaginismus is often not fully determined, the following situations may cause vaginismus:

  • Experiencing or witnessing sexual harassment or abuse
  • Vaginal yeast infections
  • History of traumatic birth or gynecological procedure
  • general anxiety
  • Belief that the first sexual encounter will be very painful
  • Physical trauma (without sexual trauma)
  • Stress
  • Conditions called vulvar vestibulitis, which do not show clinically obvious symptoms but may cause pain during intercourse
  • Exposure to domestic violence
  • Loss of trust between spouses
  • Fear of losing control
  • feeling of sexual inadequacy

Vaginismus Symptoms

Vaginismus is a disease that usually occurs due to psychological reasons. It can be seen in women who are going to have sexual intercourse for the first time, as well as in women who have an active sexual life.

Primary vaginismus occurs in women who have never had sexual intercourse before. Secondary vaginismus is the inability to have sexual intercourse due to events that occur after sexual intercourse (birth trauma, incompatibility between spouses, psychological).

Vaginismus symptoms are as follows:

  • Don't be afraid to interact.
  • Extreme pain when the penis enters the vagina
  • inability of the penis to enter the vagina

How is vaginismus treated?

Since vaginismus disease usually develops due to psychological reasons, it is not a disease that can be treated alone. The patient and his/her spouse should consult a physician together. During the preliminary interview, the applicant couple is asked about their family history, such as the environment they live in and their relationships with each other.

Apart from this, the patient is subjected to a gynecological examination and factors related to other problems are investigated.

After the physical examination, a personalized treatment plan is created, taking into account the family's situation.

Sexual therapy sessions can be organized with doctor's approval. Behavioral therapies can be applied in the treatment of vaginismus. Vaginismus patients can overcome the anxiety and fear created by sexual myths and lead a healthy sexual life with the right treatment methods.

In addition to these, a few exercises and practices that will relax the vaginal entrance may be recommended.