Eye color change surgery, which is a cosmetic procedure, has been on the agenda recently. It is worth noting that eye color changing procedures are not scientifically approved. 

There are many unauthorized institutions and organizations that perform these procedures due to the cosmetic purpose of the applications made to change eye color. Since this application can cause bigger problems than beauty applications such as botox, even if you decide to have an application, it is very important to carefully choose which application you will make and under which doctor's control. Otherwise, these applications can result in blindness and glaucoma. 

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How is eye color change surgery performed?

There are 3 different types of eye color change surgeries. In some of these applications, the color cannot be predicted exactly, while in others, the color can be selected from the catalog. 

1- Laser iris intervention

The iris, the colored layer of the eye, contains pigments called melanin. The intense melanin pigment causes the color of the eye to be darker (brown). In this application, the iris area of the eye is intervened with laser. For 20 seconds, the iris layer of the eye is stimulated and the melanin pigment is stimulated to leave the cells and the eye color is aimed to turn blue within two or three weeks. 

In this application based on the death of the existing pigment in the eye, it is not possible to predict the color of the eye. So the best result that can be achieved is blue. Since the melanin ratio needed for green color is very close to brown, you cannot have green eyes with this application.

It is worth noting that these high-energy lasers, called “Q-switched lasers”, do not have European CE and American FDA approvals and their tests on humans have not yet been completed.

2- Iris Implant (Color lens implantation)

This is an implant treatment usually applied to people with congenital iris anomaly or to people who have lost all or part of the iris after an accident. In this application, an artificial iris made of silicone in the most suitable color for the eye color is placed in front of the iris through a small incision made in the cornea. 

This surgical intervention has been revised for cosmetic purposes and has also been applied to change eye color. Studies have shown that side effects such as corneal damage, cataracts, eye pressure, partial or complete blindness problems may occur in iris implant placement applications. 

3- Pigment implantation in the eye

The iris is not touched at all in the pigment placement operation. Pigment is placed on the cornea, the most transparent layer of the eye, with laser devices used for cataract removal. 

This application has recently been discovered in France in order to minimize the surgical consultations experienced in other applications and has become very widespread. In addition, since any desired color can be applied to the eye, this application is very popular. Moreover, the application process can be completed painlessly in a few minutes. Since there is no incision in the application, the patient can continue his life from where he left off. 

Of course, the fact that this application is popular does not mean that it carries no risk. Keep in mind that there is a risk of causing the optic nerve to dry out as the process of the pupil growing and shrinking is suppressed. 

Is eye color permanent after eye color change surgery?

It is possible to say that eye color changing procedures are permanent operations. If you have changed your eye color using the laser iris intervention method, you need to wait an average of 3 weeks to see the result color. Do not undergo an operation without considering that the color you choose in these applications or the results of the application will stay with you for the rest of your life and the risks it carries.

If you like colored eyes but are afraid of having eye color change surgery, this article is for you; What should you pay attention to when choosing colored lenses?